At presents the researcher from various epidemiological studies on psoriasis, has found the incidence of psoriasis among total skin patients ranged between 0.44 and 2.2%, with overall incidence of 1.02% in India. Psoriasis is a non-infectious, inflammatory disease by well-defined erythematous (reddish) plaques with large adherent silvery scales. It increases proliferation of the skin layers due to excessive division of the cell and rapidly and travel from the basal layer to the surface of the skin. The skin cannot shed these cells quickly enough therefore they build up, leading to thick and dry patches. Silvery, flaky areas of dead skin build up on the surface of the Skin. The skin layer underneath, that contains the nerves and blood which becomes red and swollen. Psoriasis can develop at any age but very often it develops at the ages of 15 to 35. It is not contagious so people can not catch from each other also its lesions are not infectious. As per the case study males & females have developed psoriasis at equal rates. It also occurs in all racial groups, but varying rates are different. Usually, people do not know the immune system and genetics play major roles in its development therefore their skin cells grow at an abnormally fast rate, which causes the buildup of psoriasis disease. Let us know more about its causes.
People do not know what exactly causes of psoriasis, our Illustration showing how psoriasis develops because the cause of psoriasis is not fully understood. It has found that it is related to an immune system problem with T-cells & white blood cells of your body. T-cells travel through the body to defend against the bacteria. In case of psoriasis, the T-cells attack healthy skin cells mistakenly. Apart from it T-cells also trigger increased production of healthy skin cells and other white blood cells. These cells travel into the skin causing redness and pus in pustule lesions. The process becomes an ongoing cycle in which new skin cells move to the outermost layer of skin very quickly. Skin cells build up in thick, scaly patches on the skin surface, continuing until proper treatment. However, T cells to malfunction in people with psoriasis are not entirely clear. Most of the researcher believes that genetics and environmental both factors play a vital role in Psoriasis cause. Not only could this several risk factors are the cause of psoriasis. Just have looks on these factors.
Risk factors of psoriasis:
These following factors can increase your risk of developing this disease; however it can be increased by other triggers which we are going to discuss after knowing the most common factors of psoriasis:
Family factors- Family history is one of the most remarkable risk factors. If any one of parents having psoriasis, it increases your risk of getting the disease. Meanwhile if both Mom & Dad are suffering then there is double risk of psoriasis disease.
Bacterial infections- HIV Patients are more likely to develop psoriasis in comparison to other people having healthy immune systems. Adults & child with recurring infections can increase its risk.
Stress level- Stress can impact your immune system; therefore high stress levels may increase your risk of psoriasis disease.
Obesity- Body weight and risk of psoriasis increases together. Lesions associated with all types of psoriasis develop in skin creases.
Smoking & drinking- Smoking and Drinking are not only increase the risk of psoriasis but also increase the severity of the harmful diseases. These habits play a vital role in the initial development of the psoriasis.
Psoriasis symptoms are different for every patient but the common signs are as follows:
- Red patches on the skin covered with thick, silvery scales
- Small scaling spots
- Cracked & dry skin sometime that bleeds
- Itching and sometime soreness
- Thickened, pitted or ridged nails
- Swollen and stiff joints
- Itchy plaques etc
Psoriasis red patches can range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions that cover large areas through cycles, flaring for a few weeks. Thereafter subsiding for a time and going into complete remission.
The type of psoriasis
Knowing about the type of psoriasis can help anyone to recognize & determine the best treatment for their types of psoriasis. There are five types of psoriasis most common in every country, are as follows:-
Psoriasis is a common dermatological disorder not only in India but in the world also. There is paucity of data related to Indian psoriasis patients on its genetics, pustular psoriasis, Guttate psoriasis, disease severity, remission patterns and its associations. More research and prospective studies need to be done to delineate the natural course of psoriasis. Prevention of psoriasis has barely been studied. A prerequisite are identified in a consistent and reliable way. However, it is crucial in common chronic diseases where causative psoriasis treatment available with Kayakalp Global in Delhi. If you are looking for the best psoriasis treatment in Delhi or psoriasis treatment in ayurveda connect with the Kayakalp Global team.
- Plaque Psoriasis- It is the most common form of the disease and appears as raised. In Plaque Psoriasis, red patches covered with a silvery white that buildup by dead skin cells. These plaques most often appear on the scalp, knees and elbows. This type of disease can be itchy, painful, and can also crack & bleed.
- Guttate Psoriasis - This psoriasis appears as small, dot-like lesions. It often starts in childhood or in adulthood .It is the second-most common type of psoriasis and around 10% people psoriasis patients develop guttate psoriasis.
- Inverse- It shows up as red lesions in body folds, like behind the knees, under the arms and in the groin. A psoriasis patient may have many type of psoriasis at the same time, anywhere on the body.
- Pustular psoriasis - This is characterized by white pustules surrounded by red skin on the pus consists of white blood cells. It is not an infectious & contagious but can occur on any part of the body, most often on the hands & feets.
- Erythrodermic- this psoriasis leads to widespread, fiery redness over most of the body parts. It cause itching and pain, it is occurring in 3 percent of people who have psoriasis. Generally it appears on people who are having unstable plaque psoriasis disease.
- Dr. Samyak Dhawan