Vitiligo is basically a skin condition than a disease that causes loss of skin color which appear blotched up and patchy. The body has a pigment making process called melanogenesis in which melanocytes produce melanin to give color to the skin, eyes and hair. Melanocytes are crucial as they contribute up to 10% of the basal layer cells of epidermis. Vitiligo is practically unpredictable because it can occur without preexisting medical conditions in which the skin is discolored into colorless patches that can also affect hair and the mouth. Melanin makes color in the skin and when it is destroyed or not produced, then Vitiligo occurs. Although fair people can be seen with moderate color variations, it is highly felt in people with darker skin. This condition is not infectious or life-threatening but can be humiliating and make one susceptible to depressive thinking.
As studied above, loss of skin pigment can mean Vitiligo but since there are several diseases that one can mistakenly identified as Vitiligo namely Tenia versicolor, Pityriasis Alba or white scarsand IGH. It is also advisable to consult a dermatologist to be sure to head in the right direction for the right treatment. Usually, excessive exposure to the sun can cause vitiligo and can include the hands, feet, arms, face and lips.
There is no definite etiology as to the age Vitiligo starts, but survey has shown that people aged 40 and beyond are most likely to get this malady. Those as younger as 20 are half likely to be affected.
Vitiligo can be of two types: Segmental and non-segmental. While the segmental affects one part of the body or any extremity going to the head, eyebrows or eyelashes, non-segmental Vitiligo progresses to bilateral areas.
Vitiligo cannot be confined to a single body part or area, but it can sprout up in different areas, the most common type being generalized vitiligo. It can travel symmetrically to similar or corresponding body parts although unilateral vitiligo called segmental vitiligo may occur in younger patients and cease to grow. Focal vitiligo is marked by conditions that influence a few areas of the body. As symptoms trigger immediately, it is difficult to assess disease progression.
Vitiligo has no cure but modern technology offers a number of options you can select for its treatment although it is not 100% curable. Ayurveda is a safe way to effectively cure this condition and help to stop or slow the discoloring process and return color to your skin.
People with vitiligo may be at increased risk of depressive episodes or thoughts, social distress, inflammation of the retina. Sunburn and skin cancer and hearing loss can also be due to vitiligo. Change in lifestyle, food and good habits can help relieve this factor from life.