Psoriasis arthritis is a chronic disease wherein the skin and joints suffer acute inflammation that combined form psoriasis and inflammatory arthritis. It can be mild with occasional flare-ups but not uniform in every person as some people can even have a prolonged case of this disease leading to damage of the joints if left untreated. As this condition develops, the skin starts showing red and raised patchy areas followed by acute inflammation with scaling. The condition extends up to the elbows, knees, areas behind the ears, scalp and the naval. Signs can also be seen in genital areas. Although there is no definite etiology known about its occurrence, the autoimmune response of the body is identified as one of the causes. Also hereditary factors like genetics can make the disease inherited by children. In the United States alone, there is 2% of the Caucasian population affected by psoriatic arthritis. Studies that determine the age factor carrying this symptom can vary from 20 years and above. Psoriatic arthritis tends to develop in those who already suffer from psoriasis. Psoriasis arthritis influences the large joints but joints of the lower extremities get more pain whereas the tips of the fingers and toes, their distal joints and the back and sacroiliac joints of the pelvis also get pain. To relieve pain and protect the joint, it is crucial that people maintain regular joint movement, do some lightweight exercises, jogging or walking. Ergo, constant mobility is required to avoid pain aggravation. There is no measured calculation as to who will get Psoriasis arthritis but it is found that approximately 15%-25% of patients who have psoriasis also develop inflammation of their joints. When combined, this condition becomes very painful and long lasting.
For most people, appropriate treatments will relieve pain, protect the joints, and maintain mobility. Physical activity helps maintain joint movement. Although the onset of Psoriasis arthritis mainly progresses in the 40s to 50s in men and women are also equally affected. There is high likelihood that psoriasis will occur before the trigger of arthritis and this trend is found in almost 80% of people who had arthritis after having psoriasis. However, arthritis can also precede psoriasis as studied in about 15% patients. Patients having Psoriasis arthritis have identification problem of this problem in case if they suffer from arthritis long before than psoriasis occurs. Psoriasis can occur later in life after arthritic attacks even after 20 years of gap. Thus, this condition cannot be predetermined.
Psoriasis arthritis inhibits free movement of the joints and causes sharp inflammation in body tissues away from the joints other than the skin. Not only joints, but it also gives pain in the eyes, heart, lungs, and kidneys. There are varying degrees of psoriatic arthritis and the types can be combined with several other arthritic conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis and arthritis with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.The pathology studies its effects on the spine, skin, mouth, joints and the eyes. There is no limit as to which organ can be touched. Spinal inflammation is often referred to as "spondyloarthropathy.